Technology Development in Vegetable Crop Sector in Nepal

S.L. Shrestha1, I.P. Gautam1 and T.P. Gotame2

1Horticulture Research Division, NARC, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
2Regional Agriculture Research Station, parwanipur, Bara
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Production and productivity of vegetable Crop is increasing in Nepal due to increased in area coverage, improved technology adoption and input availability. Sustainable vegetable cultivation by small farmers has been converting to semi-commercial to commercial farming especially in the vicinity of major cities and high way corridor. The main objective of this paper is to document available technology on vegetable in Nepal and make aware to the farmers, technicians and other stakeholders and insist for adoption. Improved technology developed by Nepal Agricultural Research Council, traditional good practices, and available good cultivation technology has been reviewed and documented in this paper. Available technology; registered and released open pollinated and hybrid vegetable varieties, plastic house technology, post-harvest technology, insect pest and disease management technology, enhancing vegetable gardening model, seed production technology, lead and collaborative station for breeder and foundation seed production and vegetable crops research has been summarized. Review showed that lack of location specific improved varieties is one of the major constraints of vegetable cultivation. Tomato, cabbage, cauliflower, bitter gourd, cucumber, brinjal, beans, radish and zucchini are the major vegetable crops where research works are being conducted. Total 38 open pollinated (OP) varieties released and 299 hybrid varieties registered in vegetable crops till 2018. Three hybrid tomato lines and one hybrid cucumber line developed by Horticulture Research Division are found to be promising and pipeline varieties. Beside this, two hybrid bitter gourd varieties, and one hybrid zucchini variety received from Seed Company has been recently registered and two OP varieties each in French bean and asparagus bean, four hybrid varieties each in cabbage and cauliflower, and two hybrid in tomato proposal has been submitted for registration in Seed Quality Control Committee through variety release committee.

Keywords: OP and hybrid varieties, registration, technology

Published Year

Proceeding Volume 10