Anil Kumar Acharya and Bishnu Prasad Ghimire
This paper is devoted to an overview of literatures related to the alienation or synchronization of Horticulture with respect to environment, biodiversity, climate change, and human health; and to warn the people for miss use of its production technology, safe disposal of its products and overall management of the human life as well as its ecosystem. Horticulture has many dimensions of applications in human life and creation of sustainable environment. Plants and natural landscapes may enhance human well-being by causing positive physiological and psychological responses, by affecting human behaviour or by modifying physical factors of the environment such as relative humidity of the air. Interaction with plants, both passive and active, can change human attitudes; behaviors, and physiological responses. The recent surge of interest in combination with a great increase of horticultural activities in treatment programs have led to the use of numerous terms for these programs and activities such as therapeutic horticulture, garden therapy, social horticulture, and therapeutic gardening to name a few. Specifically, horticulture ameliorates oxygen production, carbon sinks, pollution amelioration, indoor air quality improvements, water management and erosion control, plants in ecological sewage and wastewater treatment systems, wildlife attraction and preservation, windbreaks and noise amelioration, urban shade, green space and location of plants. Although horticulture plants have ability to sequester carbon to mitigate the increases in carbon dioxide concentrations “greenhouse gas” in the atmosphere that contributing to the increase in the average global temperature; greenhouse production technology and its products consumption patterns should be considered. Rooftop greenhouses (RTGs) had a larger environmental impact than industrial greenhouses. Greenhouse structures in urban areas may face strict reinforcement, stability and security requirements. As a result, the greenhouse structure of RTGs may have larger environmental burdens than current horticulture production technologies. Horticulture has multidimensional prospects in relation with environment/sustainable ecosystem and human being, 308 livelihood and income generation, natural resource management and conservation agriculture and soil and water conservation.
Horticulture in last 6 decades